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8 Things to Know About the Republic of Ghana

The country of Ghana is popular with Nigerians. Here is a couple of Facts that would be good to know.

8 Things to Know About the Republic of Ghana

Ghana is sometimes known as our half-sister country as we were brought together by the colonial era and colonized by the British Empire. This colonization gave both countries a means of communication and also brought some Ghanaians to Nigeria.

Learn a little about Ghana in this post.

READ ALSO: Nigerian Celebrities Who Found Love in Ghana

  1. Ghana is also a West African country and it borders Côte d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south. Ghana in the Soninke language means “Warrior King”
  2. English is also the official language but Ghanaians speak over 40 languages throughout its 10 regions with Twi being the most popular Akan language as it is spoken by about half of Ghanaians.
  3. Asante Twi is one of the Native dialects of the Akan Language group and Akan is one of the biggest of about 17 major ethnicities/peoples in Ghana and also forms about 29% of the Ghanaian population as a first and second language. It is spoken in southern and central Ghana by several million people too.
  4. In the Middle Ages, several kingdoms resided in Ghana such as the Ashanti Empire which had an exceptional economy because they were trading in gold. The Europeans named Ghana the Gold Coast and colonized her with the same name until it became the independent nation of Ghana in 1957.
  5. Ghana is a tropical country with warm and wet forests to the south with mangroves, acacias, baobabs, shea trees, and mahogany. Most of the country consists of plains and low hills. Lake Volta is the world’s largest man-made lake with it been 250 miles long and covers 3,283 square miles.
  6. In the world, Ghana produces the second most cocoa beans as Ivory Coast is Nuber One. Cocoa fruits are harvested by hand and pried open with a machete. They are covered with banana leaves and left to ferment for a week, then dried in the sun.
  7. The oldest European building in Sub-Saharan Africa is the  Elmina Castle. It was built by the Portuguese in 1482 as a trading post for the abundant gold in the region, it was later used to hold enslaved people before taking them to America.
  8. There are several famous textiles from Ghana but the most popular is the Kente cloth (kenten means “basket”)  which is a hand-woven cloth originally from the Ashanti Kingdom. The popularity of the colours and patterns of the kente make it one of the most recognizable textiles in Africa. The distinct meaning and symbolism have been ingrained in Ghanian culture for hundreds of years.


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